Air pollution is the emission of both natural and chemical gaseous particles that are harmful to the health and smooth running of natural phenomena. Since the introduction of the industrialization in the period of the World War I and World war II, the technology has never stopped developing, leading to the facilitation of humans’ everyday life conditions. However, to reach this comfortable living conditions, industries produce massively products by ejecting lots of dangerous chemical substances in the atmosphere. To make tires or plastic products, chemical substances such as hydrocarbons and polymers. They use big machines that consume gallons of petrol and kerosene. So, they eject a big quantity of smoke plenty of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and other dangerous gases in our ecosystem. Consequently, these noxious chemical products in addition to the natural noisome gases such as carbon dioxide and dioxins, have great impacts on humans’ health and the environment.
The continual exposure to gaseous pollutants causes the deterioration of human health like congenital malformations, cardiovascular problems and bronchial diseases, and the increase of allergic cases. First, congenital malformation, commonly known as birth defects, is all abnormality that occurs on a baby before or during its birth. Thus, the aspiration of toxic gases during the pregnancy affects not only the mother, but also the baby inside her. These poisonous substances once inside the mother’s uterus, destructs some cells, chromosomes, and mitochondria very important for the formation of the baby’s organs. The drawbacks of the atomic bombs in Nagasaki and Fukushima (Japan) during World War II illustrate clearly the bad effects of the presence of this haze in that area. Women after the war, gave birth to physical or psychological handicap children; sometimes, babies die before they born. The absorption of these polluted gases affects most the babies because it is proven by bio-scientists that all what the pregnant mother eats, drinks, or feels as behavior, mood, or pains are the same things at the side of the baby. Hence, if the mother breaths a toxic gas, it will be the case at the side of the baby, but it is going to affect the baby more because of its fragility or weakness. Moreover, air pollution is the cause of one of the dangerous categories of diseases our societies are suffering from. To be clear, it is to say that air pollution is the origin of cardiovascular problems and bronchial diseases. To explain, cardiovascular problems are all diseases related to breathing; then, it is the incorrect functioning of lungs. Similarly, to what is said previously, breathing polluted air lets the toxic substances attack lungs’ organs, leading to their deterioration. Hence, people got attacked by certain diseases such as asthma diseases. Additionally, more and more people develop many kinds of allergies due to air pollution. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI) has proved that “worldwide, the rise in prevalence of allergic diseases has continued in the industrialized world for more than 50 years.” According to their statistics, in 2012, 10.6% or 7.8 million children reported respiratory allergies in the past twelve months. The effects of air pollution on humans’ health are so important because as we used to say, “without breathing, there is no life, then breathing and life go along.” Everywhere and every time, humans’ and animals’ breath. Hence, if it occurs that the air they breathe is empoisoned, they are consequently and instantly in danger. That means the quality of the air and humans’ health are interconnected. Can we say that is the same relationship with the good functioning of the natural phenomena and the air quality?
The polluted air in the industrialized areas are spread of by the different movements of the wind and the rains, destroying the stable conditions of the flora and fauna all over the world. The toxic gases ejected by industries are stocked in the atmosphere. There, in combination to natural gases such are oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon dioxygen, they form a thick gaze layer with a great concentration of toxins like carbon monoxide which is very dangerous for humans’ health. Thus formed, it facilitates the destruction of the ozone layer; which leads in turn to global warming. For instance, according to the World Organization for the Protection of the Environment, “the concentration of these gases in the atmosphere, mainly dioxide of carbon, increases on average 1% per year.” Consequently, there is more and more presence of carbon dioxygen and less and less oxygen in the environment which cause the interruption of photosynthesis disturbing plants’ development. In addition, global warming in turn, leads to desertification and hence, lack of habitats and foods for animals causing their deaths and extermination by bush fires. The impacts of air pollution on the environment are so huge because it affects directly the ozone layer which has a very important role in the protection of the population of Earth against the radiations of the sun like the ultraviolet rays. Also, as the air is a gas, it is extensible. Therefore, its spread in every corner of the Earth is easy. Then, it affects all the ecosystem: the flora, by degrading the photosynthesis; and the phone, by exterminating animals because of desertification.
In a word, air pollution leads to two major drawbacks: humans’ health deterioration and the destruction of the ecosystem. On the one hand, it causes various birth defects, and vascular and skin diseases. In the other hand, its consequences are really bad on the functioning of the Earth because of the destruction of the fauna and flora leading to more dangerous natural disasters. In order to stop this phenomenon or to reduce its influences on Earth and its populations, we should take better approaches to reduce the rejection of greenhouse gases rejected by the factories and produce engines that consume less energy.
Written by: Tarbari Rafik
“The Consequences of Air Pollution.” OMPE, www.ompe.org/en/the-consequences-of-air-pollution/